Homework from Week 1
Week 2 - Principles of Design
DIRECTIONS: Find a famous artwork for each principle below. Or create your own example. Label your example and explain how it represents that principle of design. Email your responses and images to me.
The Principles of Design are only guides. They are not laws with only one interpretation or application. These principles are used to organize the elements into some kind of action. The principles of design may help in finding certain solutions for unity, but they are not ends in themselves, and following them will not always guarantee the best results. Artworks are a result of personal interpretation and should be judged as total visual expressions.
1.UNITY/Harmony – Does the Art Piece “Work” The artist strives for unity in his or her art. Unity is accomplished when the elements of art and the principles of design fit together and work as a team. Artists achieve unity in a work by using related or repeated elements, by creating a centre of interest, or setting up a path of movement that draws the eye along. Unity and organization are dependent on a balance between harmony and variety.
2.BALANCE – Refers to the way things are arranged (choose 1)
- Formal or Symmetrical Balance suggests a feeling of stability or quietness. Both halves of the work are like mirror images of each other.
- Informal or Asymmetrical Balance is often used to express a feeling of motion or action. Both halves of the work are balanced like a seesaw.
- Approximate symmetrical balance used similar imagery on both sides of the work, but are varied enough to prevent visual monotony
- Radial Balance is a type of formal balance with parts leading away from or toward a center point. Example: Petals of a flower, wheels of a bike
Our sense of proportion in art comes from the human body. We say artworks are: life size, monumental (larger than life), or miniature (very small).
- A caricature is the use of exaggerated proportion, usually to make fun of something
- Scale is the size of something compared to what it is supposed to be. Artists often change the normal size, scale, or proportion of things to show their importance in artworks. Example: a toothbrush larger than a bed.
5. Contrast – Involves using elements that are the opposite. Contrast can add EXCITEMENT to a piece and create visual interest. Examples of contrast can include: complementary colors, light vs dark, large vs small
6. Pattern – The repetition of lines, shapes, colors, etc. in an artwork. Patterned areas can create pleasing rhythms or generate interest within a composition
7. Movement – The arrangement of art elements in a way that makes the eye follow a path through the composition. Movement can be directed along the edges and by means of shape and color.
8. Variety – Combining art elements differently to create interest, detail, and focus in a composition. The artist achieves individuality and viewer interest by introducing opposing, contrasting, changing, elaborating, exaggerating, or diversifying elements.